Reality Rating

Launch Database

Earth <-> Space Transportation (Launch) Database

This is the first installment of our  SpaceFund Reality (SFR) rating.  We begin with a sub-sector of the Transportation sector, specifically transportation between Earth and Space, commonly referred to as the launch industry. Within the Transportation sector, other sub-sectors include In-Space Transportation (tugs, in-space propulsion systems, custom 3rd stages, fuel depots, etc.), Planetary Surface <-> Space (Lunar landers, space elevators for use on the Moon or Mars, etc.), and Planetary On-Surface Transportation (robotic and human-supporting rovers). However, the launch sub-sector is by far the most advanced of any of the SpaceFund sectors of interest, with over 100 companies competing for a relatively limited market. For this reason, we decided to publish SFR ratings for the launch industry first. 

Below is a detailed database of over 100 launch companies from all over the world. These companies and their launch vehicles are in various stages of development, with some (such as SpaceX, RocketLab, and ULA) already in regular operation, while many new companies don’t yet have financing or hardware. Each company has been assigned an SFR rating based on our analysis, publicly available data, and expert insights. We’ve also provided a considerable amount of additional data gathered during our research. To our knowledge, this is the first such comprehensive database of launch companies to provide thorough, unbiased, and detailed information in a fully interactive and downloadable format, for public consumption. 

If you haven’t already, please consult our SpaceFund Reality (SFR) ratings page to learn more about the rating, its purpose, and the underlying formula, as well as to view a complete list of the SpaceFund sectors of interest. 

How to Use This Table

Sort: Click on the column heading to sort A-Z; click again to sort Z-A.

Search: To search within the entire table, simply type your query into the search area at the top right of the table. If you’d like to search within a specific column, use the search box at the bottom of that column.

Download: You can download this table as an Excel or CSV file by using the icons at the top of the table. You can also print the table.

Screen Size: The database is too big to fit on most screens, so you’ll need to use the scroll bar at the bottom of your screen to scroll right to see additional columns, and continuing scrolling down to see all 100+ companies.

Important Note (Alpha Sort Columns vs Numeric Sort Columns): In the Payload, Launch Cost, and Price columns any figure listed as a “0” is simply a placeholder for unavailable data. Due to the nature of this table format, and to ensure that the columns sort properly, a numeric character must be included in each cell. So, for example, if a company is listed to have a launch cost of “0” this simply means that this information is not publicly available and the “0” acts as a replacement for “N/A”.

The Funding column is set to sort alphabetically. Since this column contains alphabetic characters in many cells, this column will sort alphabetically, not numerically and so the “-” character has been used to represent unavailable data. All other columns in the table will also sort alphabetically.

Important Note (Companies not Vehicles): This database, and the SpaceFund Reality ratings, are based on COMPANIES, not launch vehicles. In the case where a single company has more than one launch vehicle, the data listed is for their largest vehicle. For more information on the different vehicles being manufactured and their corresponding data, please see the individual companies’ websites.

 

How to Provide Updated Data

Have we missed your company? Do you feel that your company should have a different rating? Is the listed data inaccurate or outdated? Do you see missing data for your company? The best way to update your information in this database is to reach out to us directly to provide additional information about your technology, management team, funding history, and company progress. We are also eager to learn about any additional data sources that can help us in our ongoing research, so please feel free to share any resources you know of with our team.

Updates will be published on approximately a monthly basis. The most recent update was June 28, 2019, with 1 new addition and 22 removals, bringing the total number of companies in the database to 119. Please see below the table for a more detailed change log. The next update is scheduled to occur around August 15, 2019.

How Companies are Removed from this Database

It is our goal to keep this database as up to date as possible, which includes occasionally removing companies that are no longer active. Our criteria for removing an entry from this database are as follows:

If entries meet ANY of the following:

  • Formal press announcement confirming the company is no longer active
  • Venture is acquired by another entity
  • Website and all other media/materials are removed from the internet
  • Employee confirmation
  • Company re-classified (moved to a different SFR database)

Or if entries meet ALL of the following:

  • Website copyright has not been updated for 2+ years
  • No new company news/updates/press/social activity for 2+ years
  • No response after 2 weeks when contacted by SpaceFund via multiple channels

If you feel your company has been removed from this database in error, please  reach out to us directly to provide additional information.

SpaceFund Reality (SFR) Rating

Launch Database

wdt_ID Company SFR Payload (kg) Launch Cost ($M) Price ($/kg) Funding ($M) Launch Class Orbit Altitude Tech Type Country HQ Location Description
640 Forever Space 1 0 0.050 0 - Small Lunar Other USA San Francisco, CA Developing the Otis electric vehicle for civil space transportation
514 Airstar Aerospace 9 2,700 0.000 0 - Small, Medium Suborbital Balloon France Le Champ-près-Froges Balloons that lift anything from a few kilograms to several tons and are able to operate at an altitude as low as a few hundred metres or as high as 40 km
515 Avio/Arianespace 9 20,000 170.000 8,500 Public Medium, Heavy LEO Rocket Italy Colleferro, RM Vega & Ariane launch vehicles
516 Blue Origin 9 45,000 0.000 0 - Small, Heavy LEO Rocket USA Kent, WA Lowering the cost of access to space with reusable launch vehicles
517 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 9 19,000 112.500 5,921 Public Medium LEO Rocket Japan Tokyo, Tokyo Launch vehicle manufacturer and launch services provider
518 Northrop Grumman 9 8,000 80.000 10,000 Public Small, Medium LEO Rocket USA Falls Church, VA Designs, manufactures, and operates launch vehicles, propulsion systems, and satellites and related components
519 Rocket Lab 9 225 4.900 21,778 257.31 Small LEO Rocket USA Huntington Beach, CA The first rocket company and launch site for cubesat payloads in New Zealand
520 SpaceX 9 63,800 90.000 1,411 3570 Heavy, Super Heavy LEO Rocket USA Hawthorne, CA SpaceX designs, manufactures, and launches advanced rockets and spacecraft
521 Swedish Space Corp 9 2,000 0.000 0 - Small Suborbital Balloon, Rocket Sweden Solna SSC designs sounding rocket vehicles, stratospheric balloon systems, and payloads
522 United Launch Alliance 9 17,800 99.000 5,562 Joint Venture Medium, Heavy LEO Rocket USA Centennial, CO A joint venture between Lockheed Martin and Boeing, ULA produces the Vulcan, Atlas and Delta Launch Vehicle Families
Company SFR Payload (kg) Launch Cost ($M) Price ($/kg) Funding ($M) Launch Class Orbit Altitude Tech Type Country HQ Location Description

Change Log

Update #7. October 22, 2019.  

New entries:
  • LIA Aerospace
  • OHB/COSMOS International
  • VSAT Aerospace
  • X-Bow Launch Systems
  • Forever Space
Updated SFR rating:
  • Relativity Space (6 -> 7)
  • SpaceTrek (0 -> 1)
  • Spin Launch (4 -> 3)
  • Stratolaunch (8 -> 6)
  • Thor Launch Systems (5 -> 4)
  • Vector (4 -> 3)
  • Wagner Industries (1 -> 4)
    Updated information:
    • Exos Aerospace
    • Relativity Space
    • SpaceTrek
    • Wagner Industries
      Removed Entries:
      • Microcosm (Scorpius)

      Update #6. August 16, 2019.  

      New entries:
      • Beyond Earth
      • Deywoss One
      • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
      • Seres Space Exploration Technology
      • Trans Space Travels
      Updated SFR rating:
      • Exos Aerospace (5 -> 6)
      • iSpace (5 -> 7)
      • JP Aerospace (1 -> 3)
      • LinkSpace (4 -> 5)
      • Pipeline2Space (3 -> 4)
      • SpaceTrek (1 -> 0)
      • Spin Launch (2 -> 4)
      • Vector (8 -> 4)
        Updated information:
        • Isar Aerospace Technologies
        • Pipeline2Space 
        • SpaceTrek
        • SpaceX
        • SpinLaunch
        • Vector
        • Wagner Industries
          Removed Entries:
          • ExPace
          • Ningbo Space Engine

          Update #5. June 28, 2019.  

          New entries:
          • Black Arrow Space Technologies
          Updated SFR rating:
          • HyImpulse (1 –> 2)
          • SpaceHorizon (0 –> 2)
            Updated information:
            • Generation Orbit
            • Halo Aerospace
            • JP Aerospace
            • Odyne Space
              Removed Entries:
              • Astra Spacelines
              • Bristol Spaceplanes
              • Cloud Aerospace
              • EXO
              • Heliaq Advanced Engineering
              • Horizon
              • L.E.O. Aerospacelines
              • Massterra
              • Masten
              • Mishaal Aerospace
              • MT Aerospace
              • Newton Launch Systems
              • Open Space Orbital
              • Project ThunderStruck
              • Rebel Space
              • Rose Galactic
              • SMILE – Small Sat Launcher
              • Space Technologies
              • SpaceLS
              • Tranquility Aerospace
              • UH/Aerojet
              • Rocketdyne/Sandia
              • Vanguard Advanced Systems

                Change Log

                Update #4. May 16, 2019.  

                New entries:
                • Eclipse Orbital
                • Galactic Energy
                • Green Launch
                • JiuZhou YunJian
                • Ningbo Space Engine
                • One Aerospace
                • Phoenix Launch Systems
                • S-Motor
                • Skyroot Aerospace
                • Space Transportation
                • SpaceTrek
                Updated SFR rating:
                • Exodus Space Corp (2 -> 3)
                • Interstellar Technologies (4 -> 5)
                • Smallspark Space Systems (0 -> 1)
                • UP Aerospace (3 -> 9)
                • Spacedarts (0 -> 4)
                  Updated information:
                  • Exodus Space Corp 
                  • Exos Aerospace
                  • Reaction Dynamics
                  • UP Aerospace
                  • Spacedarts
                  • Vector

                    Update #3. April 2, 2019.  

                    New entries:
                    • Airstar Aerospace
                    • Deep Blue Aerospace
                    • iRocket
                    • Loonify Space
                    Updated SFR rating:
                    • Eutropia (1 -> 2)
                    • New Rocket Technologies (1 -> 2)
                    • Skyrora (2 -> 4)
                      Updated information:
                      • Dawn Aerospace
                      • Eutropia
                      • New Rocket Technologies
                      • Skyrora

                        Update #2. February 28, 2019.  

                        New entries:
                        • Acrux Aerospace Technologies
                        • CosmoCourse
                        • EarthToSky
                        • Eutropia
                        • IO Aircraft
                        • PD Aerospace
                        • Reaction Engines
                        • Space Engine Systems
                        • Starchaser
                        Updated SFR rating:
                        • Advanced Rockets Corp (1 -> 3)
                        • Exodus Space Corp (0 -> 2)
                        • Pythom (2 -> 3)
                          Updated information:
                          • ABL Space Systems
                          • Advanced Rockets Corp
                          • Exodus Space Corp
                          • Leaf Space
                          • Pythom

                            Update #1. January 21, 2019.  

                            New entries:
                            • American Revolutionary Space Systems
                            • L.E.O. Aerospacelines
                            • ProximitE
                            • ShipInSpace
                            Updated SFR rating:
                            • ABL Space Systems (3 → 5)
                            • Firefly Aerospace (5 → 7)
                            • Stofiel Aerospace (2 → 4)
                            • Sugarhouse Aerospace (1 → 3)
                            • Vogue Aerospace (0 → 2)
                              Updated information:
                              • ABL Space Systems
                              • Agnikul Cosmos
                              • LEO Aerospace
                              • Rocket Crafters
                              • Stratolaunch
                              • Vogue Aerospace

                                SpaceFund Sectors of Interest

                                SpaceFund is interested in a number of sectors of the space economy, specifically Transportation, Communication, Human Factors, Supplies, and Energy. In the coming months we will post SFR ratings for companies from all of these sectors, providing a robust overview of the state of frontier-enabling companies across the industry. To begin, we have created an SFR database for the Earth-to-Space sub-sector of Transportation (launch), as well as a database for the Beyond Earth Orbit sub-sector of Communication, the Habitats sector of Human Factors, and the Satellite Servicing sector of Supply Chain. We also created a special database in honor of the 50th anniversary of the Apollo landing, called the Moon List that catalogs those companies who are working on a permanent return to the Moon. Please check back frequently to view new sub-sector databases, and sign up to receive our emails to be notified of each new release.

                                Click on the black buttons below to view the available SFR databases.

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